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research-article

Investigation of Porosity and Mechanical Properties of Graphene Nanoplatelets Reinforced AlSi10Mg by Selective Laser Melting

[+] Author and Article Information
Yachao Wang

Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, College of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
wang3yc@mail.uc.edu

Jing Shi

Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering, College of Engineering and Applied Science, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA
shij3@ucmail.uc.edu

Shiqiang Lu

School of Aeronautical Manufacturing Engineering, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China
niatlusq@126.com

Weihan Xiao

School of Material Science and Engineering, Nanchang Hangkong University, Nanchang, Jiangxi, China
782163873@qq.com

1Corresponding author.

ASME doi:10.1115/1.4038454 History: Received June 15, 2017; Revised October 20, 2017

Abstract

Graphene possesses many outstanding properties, such as high strengths, light weight, making it an ideal reinforcement for metal matrix composite (MMCs). Meanwhile, fabricating MMCs through laser assisted additive manufacturing (LAAM) has attracted much attention in recent years due to the advantages of low waste, high precision, short production lead time, and high flexibility. In this study, graphene reinforced aluminum alloy AlSi10Mg is fabricated using selective laser melting. Composite powder is prepared using high-energy ball milling. Room temperature tensile tests are conducted to evaluate the tensile properties. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations are conducted to investigate the microstructure and fracture surface of obtain composite. It is found that adding GNPs significantly increases porosity and therefore deteriorates material tensile performance. The relationship between porosity and material strength are numerically investigated. Taking into consideration the strength reduction caused by large porosity, the strengthening effect of GNPs turns out to be significant, which reaches 60.2 MPa.

Copyright (c) 2017 by ASME
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