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Research Papers

Tribological Properties of Textured Cemented Carbide Surfaces of Different Wettability Produced by Pulse Laser

[+] Author and Article Information
Xiuqing Hao

College of Mechanical and
Electrical Engineering,
Nanjing University of
Aeronautics and Astronautics,
Nanjing 210012, Jiangsu, China;
State Key Laboratory of Tribology,
Tsinghua University,
Beijing 100084, China

Hanlong Li, Xiaolu Song, Ning He

College of Mechanical and
Electrical Engineering,
Nanjing University of
Aeronautics and Astronautics,
Nanjing 210012, Jiangsu, China

Liang Li

College of Mechanical and
Electrical Engineering,
Nanjing University of
Aeronautics and Astronautics,
Nanjing 210012, Jiangsu, China
e-mail: liliang@nuaa.edu.cn

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MICRO- AND NANO-MANUFACTURING. Manuscript received September 12, 2017; final manuscript received November 29, 2017; published online December 26, 2017. Editor: Jian Cao.

J. Micro Nano-Manuf 6(2), 021001 (Dec 26, 2017) (9 pages) Paper No: JMNM-17-1053; doi: 10.1115/1.4038629 History: Received September 12, 2017; Revised November 29, 2017

The micro/nanotextured cemented carbide surface of different wettability was produced by laser scanning and fluorinated treatment. The tribological properties of the untextured, oleophobic and oleophilic micro/nanotextured surface were investigated experimentally including the effects of crank speed and contact pressure by a reciprocating friction and a wear tester. For all tested surfaces, the friction coefficient of the surface decreased as both the increasing crank speed and contact pressure increased. Compared to the untextured surface, the friction coefficient of the micro/nanotextured surface was significantly decreased, being sensitive to the wettability of the surface. Besides, the tribological properties of the oleophobic micro/nanotextured surface were superior to the oleophilic micro/nanotextured surface under the same experimental conditions. The improvement in tribological properties of the oleophobic micro/nanotextured surface could be attributed to the low wettability, which was beneficial to rapid accumulation of the lubricating oil on the surface.

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Figures

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Fig. 3

Surface morphology of micro/nanostructured cemented carbide surface: (a) SEM image of micro/nanostructured surface, (b) three-dimensional morphology of micro/nanostructured surface, and ((c) and (d)) enlarged images of single bulge

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Fig. 2

Influence of scanning velocity on the dimension of the micro/nanostructure and surface roughness

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Fig. 1

The scanning electron microscope (SEM) micrographs of the tool surface of scanning velocity at ((a) and (b)) 4 mm/s, (c) nanostructure at 4 mm/s, (d) 10 mm/s, (e) 50 mm/s, (f) 1000 mm/s, (g) 1400 mm/s, and (h) 1800 mm/s

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Fig. 4

The oil contact angles of the untextured, untreated, and fluorinated micro/nanotextured surfaces

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Fig. 5

The influence of contact pressure on friction coefficients with different wettability surfaces

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Fig. 6

Crank speed effects on friction coefficient with different wettability surface

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Fig. 7

Surface wettability effects on antifriction performance of micro/nanotextured surface

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Fig. 8

SEM images and EDS result of untextured worn surface: (a) worn morphology of untextured surface, (b) enhanced image of area A, and (c) EDS result of untextured surface

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Fig. 9

Schematic illustration of untextured surface wear mechanism

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Fig. 10

SEM images and EDS result of untreated micro/nanoworn surface: (a) worn morphology of untreated micro/nanosurface, (b) enhanced image in (a), and (c) EDS result of untreated micro/nanosurface

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Fig. 11

SEM images and EDS results of fluorinated micro/nanoworn surface: (a) worn morphology of the fluorinated micro/nanosurface, (b) the enhanced image in (a), and (c) EDS result of fluorinated micro/nanosurface

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Fig. 12

Oleophilic and oleophobic micro/nanotextured surface lubricating conditions

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