Research Papers

Investigations for Enhancing Wear Properties of Rapid Tooling by Reinforcement of Nanoscale Fillers for Grinding Applications

[+] Author and Article Information
Kamaljit Singh Boparai

Assistant Professor
Bathinda 151001, Punjab, India
e-mail: kamaljitboparai2006@yahoo.co.in

Rupinder Singh

GNDEC Ludhiana,
Ludhiana 141006, Punjab, India
e-mail: rupindersingh78@yahoo.com

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MICRO-AND NANO-MANUFACTURING. Manuscript received June 14, 2017; final manuscript received January 11, 2018; published online February 14, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Ulf Engel.

J. Micro Nano-Manuf 6(2), 021004 (Feb 14, 2018) (6 pages) Paper No: JMNM-17-1029; doi: 10.1115/1.4039031 History: Received June 14, 2017; Revised January 11, 2018

In this work, investigations were made for enhancing wear properties of rapid tooling (RT) by reinforcement of fillers (nanoscaled) for grinding applications. The RT has been prepared by using biocompatible composite material (BCCM) feed stock filament (consisting of Nylon 6 as a binder, reinforced with biocompatible nanoscale Al2O3 particles) on fused deposition modeling (FDM) for the development of grinding wheel having customized wear-resistant properties. A comparative study has been conducted under dry sliding conditions in order to understand the tribological characteristics of FDM printed RT of BCCM and commercially used acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) material. This study also highlights the various wear mechanisms (such as adhesive, fatigue, and abrasive) encountered during experimentation. Finally, the FDM printed RT of proposed BCCM feedstock filament is more suitable for grinding applications especially in clinical dentistry.

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Fig. 1

Steps for development of feedstock filament [23]

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Fig. 2

Specimens for wear test

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Fig. 3

Wear testing equipment

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Fig. 4

Material weight loss with load variation during test run for 5 min

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Fig. 5

Material weight loss with load variation during test run for 10 min

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Fig. 6

Friction force with applied load (5 min)

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Fig. 7

Friction force with applied load (10 min)

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Fig. 8

Friction coefficient with applied load (5 min)

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Fig. 9

Friction coefficient with applied load (10 min)

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Fig. 10

Temperature change with applied load (5 min)

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Fig. 11

Temperature change with applied load (10 min)

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Fig. 12

Wear track of ABS material (10 min run time) with: (a) 5 N load, (b) 10 N load, (c) 15 N load, and (d) 20 N load

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Fig. 13

Wear track of BCCM (10 min run time) with: (a) 5 N load, (b) 10 N load, (c) 15 N load, and (d) 20 N load

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Fig. 14

Scanning electron microscopy images (50×) at 20 N load of: (a) BCCM and (b) ABS material



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