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Research Papers

Roll-to-Roll Mechanical Peeling for Dry Transfer of Chemical Vapor Deposition Graphene

[+] Author and Article Information
Hao Xin, Qishen Zhao, Dongmei Chen

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Texas at Austin,
204 E. Dean Keeton Street,
Austin, TX 78712

Wei Li

Department of Mechanical Engineering,
University of Texas at Austin,
204 E. Dean Keeton Street,
Austin, TX 78712
email: weiwli@austin.utexas.edu

1Corresponding author.

Contributed by the Manufacturing Engineering Division of ASME for publication in the JOURNAL OF MICRO-AND NANO-MANUFACTURING. Manuscript received November 29, 2017; final manuscript received May 29, 2018; published online June 22, 2018. Assoc. Editor: Shih-Chi Chen.

J. Micro Nano-Manuf 6(3), 031004 (Jun 22, 2018) (7 pages) Paper No: JMNM-17-1069; doi: 10.1115/1.4040449 History: Received November 29, 2017; Revised May 29, 2018

Scaling up graphene fabrication is a critical step for realizing industrial applications of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) graphene, such as large-area flexible displays and solar cells. In this study, a roll-to-roll (R2R) graphene transfer system using mechanical peeling is proposed. No etching of graphene growth substrate is involved; thus, the process is economical and environmentally benign. A prototype R2R graphene transfer machine was developed. Experiments were conducted to test the effects of relevant process parameters, including linear film speed, separation angle, and the guiding roller diameter. The linear film speed was found to have the highest impact on the transferred graphene coverage, followed by the roller diameter, while the effect of separation angle was statistically insignificant. Furthermore, there was an interaction effect between the film speed and roller diameter, which can be attributed to the competing effects of tensile strain and strain rate. Overall, the experimental results showed that larger than 98% graphene coverage could be achieved with high linear film speed and large guiding roller diameter, demonstrating that a large-scale dry graphene transfer process is possible with R2R mechanical peeling.

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Figures

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Fig. 1

A prototype R2R dry peeling machine: (a) a schematic and (b) a pictorial view

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Fig. 2

Sample preparation procedure with patched CVD graphene samples. Steps (a) and (b) were used to prepare a blister test sample to measure the adhesion energy of as-grown graphene in Ref. [34].

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Fig. 3

A decentralized control scheme for R2R graphene transfer

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Fig. 4

As-grown CVD graphene on copper foil under SEM and AFM

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Fig. 5

Graphene transferred on PET/EVA film by dry peeling: (a) an SEM image of the sample surface and (b) a single-scan Raman spectrum of the transferred graphene on PET/EVA

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Fig. 6

Scanning electron microscope images of graphene transferred on PET/EVA with different film speed. The top row was taken at a lower magnification (scale bar 100 μm), the bottom row at a higher magnification (scale bar 50 μm).

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Fig. 7

Effect of linear film speed on R2R graphene dry peeling. Three measurements were taken under each condition. The error bar shows the maximum and minimum values.

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Fig. 8

Scanning electron microscope images of graphene transferred on PET/EVA with different separation angles. The top row was taken at a lower magnification (scale bar 100 μm), the bottom row at a higher magnification (scale bar 10 μm).

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Fig. 9

Effect of separation angle on R2R graphene dry peeling. Three measurements were taken under each condition. The error bar shows the maximum and minimum values.

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Fig. 10

Analysis of design of experiment data: (a) main effects and (b) interaction effects

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Fig. 11

Strain development during the dry peeling graphene transfer process for (a) small guiding roller and (b) large guiding roller

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