The transient natural convection of variable and constant viscosity fluids in a side cooled cubical cavity is studied experimentally. The convective flow in the cavity is visualized by the shadowgraph technique. The fluid was initially preheated and enough time is allowed to assure uniform temperature distribution. Temperature difference is introduced by a sudden cooling of the two side walls. The results indicate that the transient flow development is characterized by the following distinct processes: the initial growth of the vertical boundary layer and horizontal intrusions, the interaction of the horizontal intrusions and the stratification. New scaling relations are introduced to include the effect of the viscosity variation with temperature. The new suggested scalings showed good agreement with the measurements based on the shadowgraph images.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.