A new constitutive equation is presented to describe the damage evolution process in parallel fibered collagenous tissues such as ligaments and tendons. The model is formulated by accounting for the fibrous structure of the tissues. The tissue’s stress is defined as the average of the collagen fiber’s stresses. The fibers are assumed to be undulated and straighten out at different stretches that are defined by a Weibull probability density function. After becoming straight each fiber is assumed to be linear elastic. Its waviness is defined by a Weibull distribution. Tissue’s damage is assumed to occur at the fiber level and is defined as a reduction in the fiber’s stiffness. The proposed model is validated by using experimental data published in the biomechanics literature by Provenzano et al. .
Microstructural Constitutive Equation for Sprain Analysis
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Guo, Z, & De Vita, R. "Microstructural Constitutive Equation for Sprain Analysis." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition. Volume 2: Biomedical and Biotechnology Engineering. Boston, Massachusetts, USA. October 31–November 6, 2008. pp. 7-11. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2008-67709
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