The ubiquitous presence of soft tissue in the human body has provided significant motivation for researchers to model its behavior. Specifically, soft tissue models for cartilage have been extensively developed. The biphasic (Mow et al., 1984) model has provided a foundation for the understanding of cartilage behavior, grounded in a solid-fluid interaction point-of-view. Phenomenological approaches have also been made, borrowing developments from viscoelasticity and applying those models to biomechanics. Woo et al. (1980) discussed the viscoelastic properties of cartilage in the context of a quasi-linear theory.

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