Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE) refers to the use of computers to perform design calculations for determining an optimum shape and size for a variety of engineering applications. This modern concept of engineering management has led to important advances in the design and production of components used in aerospace, automotive, electronics and other industries throughout the world.
Computer-Aided Engineering enables an engineer to test design ideas by simulating the function of the part on the computer. Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is one of these computer simulation techniques which is most accurate, versatile and comprehensive technique for solving complex design problems. FEA permits the analysis of these complex structures without the necessity of developing and applying complex equations.
FEA program for non-linear stress analysis of elastomers is performed by applying two material models:
* Mooney-Rivlin Model
* Ogden Model
The Mooney-Rivlin model is the most widely used model for elastomer analysis. The basic problem facing the design engineer is how to obtain the material coefficients needed to use these two models in FEA. As expected, the effectiveness of design analysis is directly related to the quality of the material input material coefficients.
Akron Rubber Development Laboratory, Inc. (ARDL) has developed a reliable history of standard procedures for determination of these coefficients from experimental test data. This paper will discuss various testing techniques used for developing elastomer material constants. Also, the intent of this paper is to show how aging or service conditions can be incorporated to obtain material coefficients for elastomer parts.