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Keywords: desalination
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Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. IMECE2022, Volume 6: Energy, V006T08A045, October 30–November 3, 2022
Paper No: IMECE2022-96683
... Abstract Because thermal based desalination systems are still contributing a substantial share in the desalination industry in the GCC and MENA countries, there is a need to optimize their energy consumption in order to minimize oil consumption. The solution used in this paper is connecting...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. IMECE2022, Volume 8: Fluids Engineering; Heat Transfer and Thermal Engineering, V008T11A056, October 30–November 3, 2022
Paper No: IMECE2022-96099
... Abstract Commercial thermal desalination plants usually leverage static flash evaporation and vapor separation processes that occur separately in large chambers. Depending on the level of purity — the product can be used for potable water (for human consumption), for agriculture or ranching...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. IMECE2021, Volume 3: Advanced Materials: Design, Processing, Characterization, and Applications, V003T03A047, November 1–5, 2021
Paper No: IMECE2021-69156
...Proceedings of the ASME 2021 International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition IMECE2021 November 1-5, 2021, Virtual, Online IMECE2021-69156 MULTILAYER SEPARATION EFFECTS ON MOS2 MEMBRANES IN WATER DESALINATION Peter Ozaveshe Oviroh1, Sunday Temitope Oyinbo1, Sina Karimzadeh1,Tien-Chien...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. IMECE2021, Volume 10: Fluids Engineering, V010T10A023, November 1–5, 2021
Paper No: IMECE2021-70455
... and predicted flux agrees well; validating both experiments and model, Temperature polarization in the feed and permeate channel and concentration polarization in the feed channel are characterized by validated CFD simulations. Keywords: Desalination, direct contact membrane distillation, NaCl, laminar flow...
Topics: Membranes
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. IMECE2019, Volume 6: Energy, V006T06A075, November 11–14, 2019
Paper No: IMECE2019-12046
...Abstract Abstract The objective of this research is to design a human-powered desalination unit that can provide safe drinking water for a typical household in developing countries. The hypothesis of our study is that a human-powered machine operating on a Mechanical Vapor Compression (MVC...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. IMECE2019, Volume 6: Energy, V006T06A059, November 11–14, 2019
Paper No: IMECE2019-11486
...Abstract Abstract Membrane distillation (MD) has been studied as a promising solution in the desalination industry but it has not been widely accepted or commercialized due to energy and cost concerns. MD is considered as a hybrid method that involves phase-change thermal processes and the use...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. IMECE2019, Volume 7: Fluids Engineering, V007T08A038, November 11–14, 2019
Paper No: IMECE2019-10723
... the temperature and concentration polarizations are mitigated. As the inlet feed temperature is increased, the effect of the embedded spacers becomes more significant. embedded spacers direct contact membrane distillation desalination flux performance polarization +The previous affiliation...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. IMECE2010, Volume 10: Micro and Nano Systems, 447-451, November 12–18, 2010
Paper No: IMECE2010-39242
... 01 05 2012 This paper presents a concept for desalination by reverse osmosis (RO) using a vapor-trapping membrane. The membrane is composed of hydrophobic nanopores and separates the feed salt water and the fresh water (permeate) side. The feed water is vaporized by applied pressure...
Proceedings Papers

Proc. ASME. IMECE2008, Volume 8: Energy Systems: Analysis, Thermodynamics and Sustainability; Sustainable Products and Processes, 209-217, October 31–November 6, 2008
Paper No: IMECE2008-66593
... 11 09 2009 The present paper discusses a novel application of the currently most popular water desalination technology: a solar-powered reverse osmosis plant (PV-RO in the following). Kalymnos, one of the Greek Dodecanese islands, was selected as the site for the design exercise...