Oil & Gas offshore exploration and production increase continuously in deep waters. This trend requires pipes with increasing collapse pressure (pc), which is the primary design variable. The prediction of pc, based on an appropriate set of input variables, allows for the appropriate design of deep and ultra-deep water projects.
Elastic and plastic material behavior is one of the main factors affecting pc. International application codes (e.g., DNV OS-F101) incorporate the yield strength into their formulas for pc. In the present work, an assessment of the requirements on material characterization tests for a reliable prediction of pc has been performed. The most appropriate testing direction is the transverse compression. Moreover, since for large diameter pipes the plastic strain levels attained at collapse are often below 0.2%, the sample should allow for an accurate determination of compression behavior in this very low deformation range. This is particularly relevant for cold-formed pipes, as with the UOE process.
Based on these guidelines, a testing procedure has been designed. This analysis has been applied to the prediction of the effect of thermal cycles on pc. Calculated values show a very good agreement with experimental pc values determined for a series of UOE processed pipes that had been thermally treated and collapsed.