Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are localized balloon-shaped expansions commonly found in the infrarenal segment of the abdominal aorta, between the renal arteries and the iliac bifurcation. Abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture has been estimated to occur in as much as 3%–9% of the population, and represents the 13th leading cause of death in the United States, producing more than 10,000 deaths annually [1]. Thus, determining the significant factors for aneurysm growth and rupture has become an important clinical goal. From a biomechanical standpoint, AAA rupture risk is related to certain mechanical and hemodynamic factors such as localized flow fields and velocity patterns, and flow-induced stresses within the fluid and in the aneurysm structure [2]. Disturbed flow patterns at different levels have also been found to trigger responses within medial and adventitial layers by altering intercellular communication mechanisms. Thus, localized hemodynamics proximal, within and distal to AAA formations play an important role in modulating the disease process, and non-invasive and easy-to-implement methods to characterize and quantify these complex hemodynamics would be tremendously useful.

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