Each year over 180,000 mechanical heart valves are implanted worldwide, with the bileaflet mechanical heart valve (BiMHV) accounting for approximately 85% of all valve replacements [1,2]. Although much improved from previous valve designs, aortic BiMHV design is far from ideal, and serious complications such as thromboembolism and hemolysis often result. Hemolysis and platelet activation are thought to be caused by turbulent Reynolds shear stresses in the flow . Numerous previous studies have examined aortic BiMHV flow using LDA and two component Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV), and have shown the flow to be complex and three-dimensional [3,4]. Stereoscopic PIV (SPIV) can obtain all three velocity components on a flow plane, and hence has the potential to provide better understanding of three dimensional flow characteristics. The objective of the current study was to use SPIV to measure steady flow, including turbulence properties, downstream of a BiMHV in a modeled aorta. The resulting dataset will be useful for CFD model validation, and the intent is to make it publicly available.
- Bioengineering Division
Stereoscopic PIV of Steady Flow Through a Bileaflet Mechanical Heart Valve
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Hutchison, C, Sullivan, PE, & Ethier, CR. "Stereoscopic PIV of Steady Flow Through a Bileaflet Mechanical Heart Valve." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 Summer Bioengineering Conference. ASME 2008 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B. Marco Island, Florida, USA. June 25–29, 2008. pp. 1095-1096. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2008-192962
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