Repetitive mechanical loading induces microscale damage in bone to accumulate and may lead to stress fractures . People with weakened bones due to disuse or disease, or, healthy people who have excessive exercise regimes (soldiers and athletes) experience these fractures . Stress fractures interrupt training, reduce fitness and may even lead to discharge from the military in certain occasions . Therefore, early prognosis and prevention of stress fractures would be desirable. Currently, following methods are being used for diagnosis: plain radiography, computed tomography (CT), bone scintigraphy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The sensitivity of plain radiography is very low, 15–35% . CT is less sensitive than radiography except some very special and rare cases of stress fractures . Among these diagnostic methods, scintigraphy and MRI are more sensitive. However, the former lacks specificity because it may confound infections, tumors, bone infarctions, periostisis and osteonecrosis [2,5]. Furthermore, it is radioactive . MRI has immense economical and logistical limitations .
- Bioengineering Division
Feasibility of Portable Acoustic Emission Approach for Prognosis of Stress Fractures
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Agcaoglu, S, Kaul, V, & Akkus, O. "Feasibility of Portable Acoustic Emission Approach for Prognosis of Stress Fractures." Proceedings of the ASME 2008 Summer Bioengineering Conference. ASME 2008 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B. Marco Island, Florida, USA. June 25–29, 2008. pp. 437-438. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2008-192778
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