The Fontan procedure  is the staged, palliative surgical approach used to treat patients suffering from single ventricle congenital heart defects. The second stage of this procedure involves the connection of the superior vena cava (SVC) to the pulmonary arteries (PAs) in either an end-to-side (known as the Bi-Directional Glenn (BDG)) or side-to-side (or Hemi-Fontan (HF)) fashion. Because of obvious disparities at the connection site, there are understandable differences in the fluid dynamics between the two geometries.
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Effect of Flow Pulsatility on 2nd Stage Fontan Hemodynamics: An In Vitro Investigation
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Haggerty, CM, Dasi, LP, Kanter, J, & Yoganathan, AP. "Effect of Flow Pulsatility on 2nd Stage Fontan Hemodynamics: An In Vitro Investigation." Proceedings of the ASME 2009 Summer Bioengineering Conference. ASME 2009 Summer Bioengineering Conference, Parts A and B. Lake Tahoe, California, USA. June 17–21, 2009. pp. 131-132. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2009-204573
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