Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is one kind of serious congenital heart diseases (CHD). With a small, underdeveloped left ventricle, a heart suffering from HLHS cannot effectively supply enough blood flow to provide for the needs of the body. In order to improve blood circulation, surgery for HLHS has to be carried out at a very early stage. In general, three-stage palliative surgical management for newborns is now widely accepted [1, 2]; Norwood, Glenn, and Fontan.

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