Atherosclerosis is characterized by lipid accumulation in the arterial wall, followed by an inflammatory response. Plaque formation is generally observed near bifurcations in coronary arteries. The composition of atherosclerotic plaques depends on the location, and it was hypothesized that blood flow induced shear stress influences plaque composition2. To study the impact of shear stress on atherosclerotic disease in human coronary arteries, we developed a technique that enables us to generate 3D lumen reconstruction based on multislice computer tomography (MSCT) and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS).We describe two approaches to generate 3D reconstructions of human coronary artery bifurcations and apply them to coronary segments with bifurcations. We will evaluate the effect on shear stress distribution and its relationship to wall thickness.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.