Bone mineral density (BMD) has been identified as a major factor in spine construct strength, with failures resulting in pedicle screw loosening and pullout2. Computed tomography (CT) scans have been shown to effectively measure BMD1,4. Previous research has utilized this linear correlation of CT Hounsfield Units (HU) to BMD in order to determine BMD as a function of anatomic location within cervical vertebrae1; however, the lumbar spine has not yet been reported on. The goal of this study was to describe BMD of anatomical regions within lumbar vertebrae using the correlation between HU and BMD. It was hypothesized that posterior elements of the spine would exhibit significantly different BMD than the vertebral body. This was tested through means comparison of BMD for each anatomical region.
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Selective Densitometry of the Lumbar Spine
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Chu, B, Leasure, J, & Kondrashov, D. "Selective Densitometry of the Lumbar Spine." Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Summer Bioengineering Conference. Volume 1A: Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms; Active and Reactive Soft Matter; Atherosclerosis; BioFluid Mechanics; Education; Biotransport Phenomena; Bone, Joint and Spine Mechanics; Brain Injury; Cardiac Mechanics; Cardiovascular Devices, Fluids and Imaging; Cartilage and Disc Mechanics; Cell and Tissue Engineering; Cerebral Aneurysms; Computational Biofluid Dynamics; Device Design, Human Dynamics, and Rehabilitation; Drug Delivery and Disease Treatment; Engineered Cellular Environments. Sunriver, Oregon, USA. June 26–29, 2013. V01AT09A008. ASME. https://doi.org/10.1115/SBC2013-14218
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