The Green’s function of a bimaterial infinite domain with a plane interface is applied to thermal analysis of a spherical underground heat storage tank. The heat transfer from a spherical source is derived from the integral of the Green’s function over the spherical domain. Because the thermal conductivity of the tank is generally different from soil, the Eshelby’s equivalent inclusion method (EIM) is used to simulate the thermal conductivity mismatch of the tank from the soil. For simplicity, the ground with an approximately uniform temperature on the surface is simulated by a bimaterial infinite domain, which is perfectly conductive above the ground. The heat conduction in the ground is investigated for two scenarios: First, a steady-state uniform heat flux from surface into the ground is considered, and the heat flux is disturbed by the existence of the tank due to the conductivity mismatch. A prescribed temperature gradient, or an eigen-temperature gradient, is introduced to investigate the local temperature field in the neighborhood of the tank. Second, when a temperature difference exists between the water in the tank and soil, the heat transfer between the tank and soil depends on the tank size, conductivity, and temperature difference, which provide a guideline for heat exchange design for the tank size. The modeling framework can be extended to two-dimensional cases, periodic, or transient heat transfer problems for geothermal well operations. The corresponding Green’s functions are provided for those applications.