Accurate estimation of the wall stress distribution in an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) may prove clinically useful by predicting when a particular aneurysm will rupture. Appropriate constitutive models for both the wall and the intraluminal thrombus (ILT) found in most AAA are necessary for this task. The purpose of this work was to determine the mechanical properties of ILT within AAA and to derive a more suitable constitutive model for this material. Uniaxial tensile testing was carried out on 50 specimens, including 14 longitudinally oriented and 14 circumferentially oriented specimens from the luminal region of the ILT, and 11 longitudinally oriented and 11 circumferentially oriented specimens from the medial region. A two-parameter, large-strain, hyperelastic constitutive model was developed and used to fit the uniaxial tensile testing data for determination of the material parameters. Maximum stiffness and strength were also determined from the data for each specimen. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was conducted to study the regional microstructural difference. Our results indicate that the microstructure of ILT differs between the luminal, medial, and abluminal regions, with the luminal region stronger and stiffer than the medial region. In all cases, the constitutive model fit the experimental data very well No significant difference was found for either of the two material parameters between longitudinal and circumferential directions, but a significant difference in material parameters, stiffness, and strength between the luminal and medial regions was determined Therefore, our results suggest that ILT is an inhomogeneous and possibly isotropic material. The two-parameter, hyperelastic, isotropic, incompressible material model derived here for ILT can be easily incorporated into finite element models for simulation of wall stress distribution in AAA.
Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Intraluminal Thrombus From Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm
Contributed by the Bioengineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF BIOMECHANICAL ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Bioengineering Division December 5, 2000; revised manuscript received June 21, 2001. Associate Editor: J. D. Humphrey.
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Wang, D. H. J., Makaroun , M., Webster, M. W., and Vorp, D. A. (June 21, 2001). "Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of Intraluminal Thrombus From Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm ." ASME. J Biomech Eng. December 2001; 123(6): 536–539. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1411971
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