A differential scanning calorimeter technique was used to generate experimental data for volumetric shrinkage during cooling at in adipose derived adult stem cells (ASCs) in the presence and absence of cryoprotective agents (CPAs). By fitting a model of water transport to the experimentally determined volumetric shrinkage data, the membrane permeability parameters of ASCs were obtained. For passage-4 (P4) ASCs, the reference hydraulic conductivity and the value of the apparent activation energy were determined to be and , respectively. We found that the addition of either glycerol or dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) significantly decreased the value of the reference hydraulic conductivity and the value of the apparent activation energy in P4 ASCs. The values of in the presence of glycerol and DMSO were determined as and , respectively, while the corresponding values of were 51.0 and . Numerical simulations of water transport were then performed under a variety of cooling rates using the experimentally determined membrane permeability parameters. And finally, the simulation results were analyzed to predict the optimal rates of freezing P4 adipose derived cells in the presence and absence of CPAs.
Cellular Response of Adipose Derived Passage-4 Adult Stem Cells to Freezing Stress
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Devireddy, R. V., Thirumala, S., and Gimble, J. M. (July 13, 2005). "Cellular Response of Adipose Derived Passage-4 Adult Stem Cells to Freezing Stress." ASME. J Biomech Eng. December 2005; 127(7): 1081–1086. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2073673
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