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Keywords: friction
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Journal Articles
Article Type: Research-Article
J Biomech Eng. November 2020, 142(11): 111001.
Paper No: BIO-20-1093
Published Online: September 4, 2020
... rheometry, no difference in SF viscosity was detected between disease types, and the addition of HA significantly increased all fluids' viscosities. In noninflammatory OA SF, friction coefficients followed a typical Stribeck pattern, and their magnitude was decreased by the addition of HA. While some...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research-Article
J Biomech Eng. December 2019, 141(12): 121009.
Paper No: BIO-19-1210
Published Online: November 22, 2019
... contains fibrocartilage, not hyaline cartilage as is found in other joints. As such, the effect of lubrication therapies in the TMJ is unknown. Additionally, only a few studies have characterized the friction coefficient of the healthy TMJ. Like other cartilaginous tissues, the mandibular condyles...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. October 2011, 133(10): 101002.
Published Online: October 31, 2011
... divided by the square of the average inlet velocity, which is essentially half the friction coefficient. Changes in in vivo operating conditions strongly influence wall shear rates within our device, and likely play a significant role in thrombus deposition. Refinement of PIV techniques at higher...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. September 2011, 133(9): 091010.
Published Online: October 14, 2011
... for characterizing the biomechanical properties of the duodenum, jejunum, and ileum, (3) a novel in vitro device and protocol designed to measure the energy required to overcome the self-adhesivity of the mucosa, and (4) a novel tribometer that measures the in vivo coefficient of friction between the mucus membrane...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. August 2011, 133(8): 081006.
Published Online: September 6, 2011
... modulus contrast. The multivariate analyses reveal that the strain contrast depends linearly on the relative stiffness between the lesion and the healthy tissue and not linearly on the interface friction coefficient. The anthropomorphic model shows other interesting features, such as the layer...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. July 2011, 133(7): 071010.
Published Online: August 2, 2011
... a low friction environment and a ligamentous capsule that encloses the joint space. Together with the disc, the bilateral facet joints transfer loads and guide and constrain motions in the spine due to their geometry and mechanical function. Although a great deal of research has focused on defining...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. December 2010, 132(12): 121007.
Published Online: November 8, 2010
... studies have been carried out in the past to understand the factors responsible for migration. In an experimental setting, it can be very challenging to correctly capture and understand the interaction between a SG and an artery. Quantities such as coefficient of friction (COF) and contact pressures...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. August 2010, 132(8): 081010.
Published Online: July 1, 2010
... kinematics were compared for both tibio- and patellofemoral joints during gait loading, with an average root mean square (rms) translational error of 1.1 mm and rotational rms error of 1.3 deg. Model sensitivity to interface friction and damping present in the experimental joints was also evaluated...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. March 2010, 132(3): 031001.
Published Online: February 3, 2010
... boundary conditions will change based on whether the surface is in contact or not, which will affect the interstitial fluid pressurization. This in turn will increase or decrease the load sustained by the fluid phase, with a direct effect on friction, wear, and lubrication. In laboratory experiments...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. June 2009, 131(6): 061005.
Published Online: April 27, 2009
... the development of functional tissue engineered cartilage and surgical repair techniques. In recent work, a new methodology involving concomitant linear translational and oscillating rotational motion was developed to determine the frictional and wear characteristics of articular cartilage. The impetus...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. May 2009, 131(5): 051002.
Published Online: March 20, 2009
... different model parameters. This analysis showed that ligament insertion location and initial ligament strain were significant factors affecting simulated joint kinematics and loading, with the contact friction coefficient playing a lesser role and ligament stiffness having little effect. The model...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. October 2008, 130(5): 051007.
Published Online: July 14, 2008
... for implantable artificial organs or devices. When these materials are coated on vascular devices, compatibility to blood is an important problem. The present paper focuses on friction characteristics of erythrocytes to these coating materials in a medium. With an inclined centrifuge microscope developed...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Research Papers
J Biomech Eng. April 2008, 130(2): 021002.
Published Online: March 25, 2008
... in order to validate the acetabular FE model. The points on the FE model corresponding to the position of the sensors on the polyethylene shell were identified. The deformation at these specific points was calculated A friction coefficient for metal on polyethylene was used over the range of μ = 0.05...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Briefs
J Biomech Eng. April 2008, 130(2): 024501.
Published Online: March 21, 2008
...C. Y. Wang Blood flow in a small tube ( 30 – 1000 μ m ) can be successfully modeled by the two-fluid model. The fully developed, constant heat flux convective heat transfer problem is studied. The velocity and temperature profiles are determined in closed form. Formulas for friction-factor-Reynolds...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Papers
J Biomech Eng. October 2007, 129(5): 750–756.
Published Online: February 27, 2007
... finite element model of the first ray was developed for this purpose. A hexahedral mesh was constructed from magnetic resonance images of the right foot of a male subject. The soft tissue was assumed to be incompressible and hyperelastic, and the bones were modeled as rigid. Contact with friction between...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Papers
J Biomech Eng. June 2007, 129(3): 450–456.
Published Online: November 19, 2006
...Esra Roan; Kumar Vemaganti The mechanical response of soft tissue is commonly characterized from unconfined uniaxial compression experiments on cylindrical samples. However, friction between the sample and the compression platens is inevitable and hard to quantify. One alternative is to adhere...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Papers
J Biomech Eng. December 2006, 128(6): 872–878.
Published Online: June 15, 2006
... predictions that factors such as elastic modulus, friction coefficients, density of fabric, and the initial gap between skin and fabric influence significantly the shear stress and thus the discomfort and even injury potential to skin during intensive body movement such as sports and military. Thus this study...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Papers
J Biomech Eng. October 2006, 128(5): 663–673.
Published Online: April 19, 2006
... the behavior of the articular disk. The influence of the friction coefficient in the diseased joint was also analyzed, finding that the final displacement of the complex condyle-disk was smaller as the friction coefficient increased. On the other hand, its displacement in the repositioned joint was different...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Technical Papers
J Biomech Eng. February 2006, 128(1): 131–134.
Published Online: September 6, 2005
...Ines M. Basalo; Faye Hui Chen; Clark T. Hung; Gerard A. Ateshian The specific aim of this study was to investigate the effect of chondroitinase ABC treatment on the frictional response of bovine articular cartilage against glass, under creep loading. The hypothesis is that chondroitinase ABC...
Journal Articles
Article Type: Discussions
J Biomech Eng. August 2004, 126(4): 536.
Published Online: September 27, 2004
... Cartilage in Health and Disease , Proceedings of the Second Munich Symposium of Biology of Connective Tissue, July 23–24, 1979. McCutchen , C. W. , 1962 , “ The Frictional Properties of Animal Joints,” Wear , 5 , 1 – 17 . For the long period of low friction there is an obvious...