This paper presents a control methodology that utilizes a robust model reference adaptive control technique to regulate the dynamic behavior of a coned mechanical gas face seal system in a flexibly mounted stator configuration. Individual adaptive controllers are designed for the three stator rigid body degrees of freedom based on the linear portions of their respective equations of motion. The force and moments generated within the gas film are estimated using Kalman filter-based estimators and directly cancelled in the control algorithm using offset control signals. The estimation errors are considered as bounded disturbances to the seal system and are taken into account by the robust adaptive controllers. Simulation results show that the controllers effectively stabilize the stator motion and control the stator tilts to synchronously track the rotor runout with near-zero relative misalignment magnitude and phase shift, thus, minimizing gas leakage.
Adaptive Control of Mechanical Gas Face Seals With Rotor Runout and Static Stator Misalignment
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Zhang, H., Landers, R. G., and Miller, B. A. (June 17, 2010). "Adaptive Control of Mechanical Gas Face Seals With Rotor Runout and Static Stator Misalignment." ASME. J. Dyn. Sys., Meas., Control. July 2010; 132(4): 041009. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4001708
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