In this paper, the response surface method using a three-dimensional Navier-Stokes analysis to optimize the shape of a forward-curved-blade centrifugal fan is described. For the numerical analysis, Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations with the standard turbulence model are discretized with finite volume approximations. The SIMPLEC algorithm is used as a velocity–pressure correction procedure. In order to reduce the huge computing time due to a large number of blades in forward-curved-blade centrifugal fan, the flow inside of the fan is regarded as steady flow by introducing the impeller force models. Four design variables, i.e., location of cutoff, radius of cutoff, expansion angle of scroll, and width of impeller, were selected to optimize the shapes of scroll and blades. Data points for response evaluations were selected by D-optimal design, and a linear programming method was used for the optimization on the response surface. As a main result of the optimization, the efficiency was successfully improved. Effects of the relative size of the inactive zone at the exit of impeller and momentum fluxes of the flow in scroll on efficiency were further discussed. It was found that the optimization process provides a reliable design of this kind of fan with reasonable computing time.
Shape Optimization of Forward-Curved-Blade Centrifugal Fan with Navier-Stokes Analysis
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Contributed by the Fluids Engineering Division for publication in the JOURNAL OF FLUIDS ENGINEERING. Manuscript received by the Fluids Engineering Division Octover 27, 2003; revised manuscript received April 4, 2004. Associate Editor: Yoshinobu Tsujimoto
Kim, K., and Seo, S. (December 7, 2004). "Shape Optimization of Forward-Curved-Blade Centrifugal Fan with Navier-Stokes Analysis ." ASME. J. Fluids Eng. September 2004; 126(5): 735–742. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1792256
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