The relatively innovative gas turbine based power cycles R-ATR and R-REF (recuperative–auto thermal reforming GT cycle and recuperative–reforming GT cycle) here proposed, are mainly aimed to allow the upstream removal by the natural gas fuel reforming. The second part of the paper is dedicated to the R-REF cycle: the power unit is a gas turbine (GT), fuelled with reformed and cleaned gas, obtained by the addition of several sections to the simple GT cycle, mainly: • reformer section (REF), where the reforming reactions of methane fuel with steam are accomplished: the necessary heat is supplied partially by the exhausts cooling and, partially, with a post-combustion, • water gas shift reactor (WGSR), where the reformed fuel is, shifted into and with the addition of water, and • removal unit for the capture from the reformed and shifted fuel. No water condensing section is adopted for the R-REF configuration. Between the main components, several heat recovery units are applied, together with GT cycle recuperator, compressor intercooler, and steam injection into the combustion chamber. The removal potential is close to 90% with chemical absorption by an accurate choice of amine solution blend: the heat demand for amine regeneration is completely self-sustained by the power cycle. The possibility of applying steam blade cooling (the steam is externally added) has been investigated: in these conditions, the R-REF has shown efficiency levels close to 43–44%. High values of specific work have been observed as well (around 450–500 kJ/kg). The efficiency is slightly lower than that found for the R-ATR solution, and 2–3% lower than CRGTs with removal and steam bottoming cycle, not internally recuperated. If compared with these, the R-REF offers higher simplicity due to absence of the steam cycle, and can be regarded as an improvement to the simple GT. In this way, at least 5–6 points efficiency can be gained, together with high levels of removal. The effects of the reformed fuel gas composition, temperature, and pressure on the amine absorption system for the removal have been investigated, showing the beneficial effects of increasing pressure (i.e., pressure ratio) on the specific heat demand.
The Recuperative Auto Thermal Reforming and Recuperative Reforming Gas Turbine Power Cycles With CO2 Removal—Part II: The Recuperative Reforming Cycle
Contributed by the International Gas Turbine Institute (IGTI) of THE AMERICAN SOCIETY OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS for publication in the ASME JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING FOR GAS TURBINES AND POWER. Paper presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aeroengine Congress and Exhibition, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, June 3–6, 2002; Paper No. 2002-GT-30550. Manuscript received by IGTI, Dec. 2001, final revision, Mar. 2002. Associate Editor: E. Benvenuti.
Fiaschi, D., Lombardi , L., and Tapinassi, L. (March 2, 2004). "The Recuperative Auto Thermal Reforming and Recuperative Reforming Gas Turbine Power Cycles With CO2 Removal—Part II: The Recuperative Reforming Cycle ." ASME. J. Eng. Gas Turbines Power. January 2004; 126(1): 62–68. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.1639008
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