Experiments were conducted to determine the temperature distribution at the surface of a thermocapillary channel flow generated by heating a shallow liquid layer locally from above with a radiant energy source. The measured temperature profiles are explained by an available nonlinear conduction model that incorporates the combined effects of thermocapillary and thermogravitational convection in shallow liquid layers.
Surface Temperature Profiles Due to Radiant Heating in a Thermocapillary Channel Flow
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Epstein, M., Burelbach, J. P., and Plys, M. G. (February 1, 1997). "Surface Temperature Profiles Due to Radiant Heating in a Thermocapillary Channel Flow." ASME. J. Heat Transfer. February 1997; 119(1): 137–141. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2824078
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