In this study, a novel biocompatible and inexpensive method for the rapid production of single-cell based microparticles is described. Using an HP DeskJet 550C printer, alginate microparticles containing one to several insulin-producing cells (beta-TC6) were fabricated by coprinting the cells and sodium alginate suspension into a solution. This method is able to generate microparticles of in diameter at a rate as high as . Cell survival assays showed that more than 89% of printed cells survived the fabrication process. The printed beta-TC6 cells demonstrated continuous insulin secretion over a period, which suggests that the printed cells are able to maintain normal cellular function within the microparticles. We show that the printing conditions, such as cell number, alginate concentration, and ionic strengths of , influence cellular distribution and geometry of the printed particles. This study presents a simple and high-throughput method to encapsulate single cells, and this technique may be applied in various research investigations, including single-cell analysis, high-throughput drug screening, and stem cell differentiation at the single-cell level.
High-Throughput Production of Single-Cell Microparticles Using an Inkjet Printing Technology
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Xu, T., Kincaid, H., Atala, A., and Yoo, J. J. (April 11, 2008). "High-Throughput Production of Single-Cell Microparticles Using an Inkjet Printing Technology." ASME. J. Manuf. Sci. Eng. April 2008; 130(2): 021017. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.2903064
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